Sephisa chandra chandra  (Moore, [1858])

Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Up. Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Un. Sephisa chandra chandra ♀ Up. Sephisa chandra chandra ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Up. Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Un. Sephisa chandra chandra ♀ Up. Sephisa chandra chandra ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Up. Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Un. Sephisa chandra chandra ♀ Up. Sephisa chandra chandra ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito)
Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Up. Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Un. Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Up. Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Un.
♂, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. ♂, Lak Sao, Laos. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Castalia chandra Moore, [1858]
OD : in Horsfield & Moore,
Cat. Lep. Mus. East India Co. (1):200-201, pl.6a, fig.4,♂.
TL : Darjeeling.
Distribution : Nepal to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
S.E.Tibet, S.China.

● ssp.chandra
ssp.
Sephisa chandra chandra map

Synonyms

Sephisa chandra ♀d.chandrana Evans, 1912 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21(2):558, 574.
Sephisa chandra ♀v.albina Evans, 1912 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21:558, 574. TL. Darjeeling.
Sephisa chandra f.atiya Fruhstorfer, 1913 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:701. TL. Sikkim.
Sephisa chandra f.djalia Fruhstorfer, 1913 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:701. TL. Sikkim.
Sephisa chandra f.veria Fruhstorfer, 1913 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:701. TL. Sikkim.
Sephisa chandra zhejiangana Tong, 1994 : in Chou, Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium 2:761, pl.441, fig.39. TL. Taishun, Zhejiang.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Sephisa chandra androdamas ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 701. (N.Siam)
Sephisa chandra androdamas ; Godfrey,1916 : 132. (N: Mekong Valley)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Godfrey,1930 : 298. (N)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Pinratana,1979 : 90, figs.N156,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 91, pl.69, figs.174,♂,♀(f.chandrana). (Chiang Mai; Chiang Rai)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 472, pl.210, figs.N187a♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Wiang Pa Pao)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 484, pl.220, figs.N371a♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Wiang Pa Pao)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2021.09.26)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 128, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Khun Lao; Bang Salock; Maethro)

[ LAOS ]
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Masui & Uehara,1997 : 6, pl.2, figs.3,♂,♂(Un). (Oudomxay)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 208, pl.76, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Oudomxay)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Onodera,2009b : 37, fig.29♂. (Xieng Kouang: Nam Noen)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 47.

[ VIETNAM ]
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Metaye,1957 : 98. (N) (in part)
Sephisa chandra ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 44. (N) (in part)
Sephisa chandra chandra ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):67-68, pl.7, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un),1c♀,1d♀(Un). (N: Hoang Lien; Dong Van / C: Pu Mat; Bach Ma; Kon Ka Kinh; Chu Yang Sin)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 15♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 8♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Uttaradit : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kamphaeng Phet : 1♂ (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 11♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 2♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Luang Phabang : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Oudomxai : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 2♂ (incl.photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.450m - 1600m).
The male flight seems to be a kind of moth (Epistem sp., Agaristinae) and female looks like Erasmia sp., Zygaenidae. I think it is mimic to these moths.


Literature

Horsfield, T. & Moore, F.,[1858] :
A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Evans, W.H.,1912 : A list of Indian butterflies.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21(2):553-584, 21(3):969-1008.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1913 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
649-704. (28.Oct.1913)

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

Masui, A. & Inomata, T.,1994 : Apaturinae of the World (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) 6.
Yadoriga 157:2-12. (in Japanese)

Lang, S.,2009 : A Study on the systematics of Nymphalidae (excepting Satyrinae) from China (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
Beijing, P.R.China.


Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Sephisa chandra chandra ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Sephisa chandra chandra ♀ Sephisa chandra chandra ♀
♀, Phetchabun, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)
Sephisa chandra chandra ♂ Sephisa chandra chandra ♂
♂, Uttaradit, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2007.09.20 - 2021.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.